Inside Texas: Culture, Identity and Houses, 1878–1920

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Worth : Texas Christian University Press, c Language English View all editions Prev Next edition 3 of 3. Author Brandimarte, Cynthia A. Physical Description xvi, p. Subjects Interior decoration -- Texas -- History -- 19th century. Interior decoration -- Texas -- History -- 20th century.

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Interior decoration -- Human factors -- Texas. Summary Inside Texas is about people and houses. Two hundred and ninety-six photographs, taken inside Texas homes between and , document the way Texans lived, how they saw themselves, what they bought and what they treasured, how they fashioned their homes to reflect their interests. Eight separate identities--occupation, family, ethnicity, social group, region, refinement, class and style--provide the organization of the book, taking it far beyond simple chronological discussions of various styles. Contents 1.

Ranchers and Lawyers, Photographers and Artists: Occupation 3. Ties That Bind: Family 4. Home Away from Home: Social Group 6. Carl Sandburg. Wyoming Warbird Survivors Harold A. Nathan Boone and the American Frontier. Douglas Hurt. Bourbon Democracy in Alabama, — Allen Johnston Going.

Imperial Texas. Reconstruction in Texas. Charles William Ramsdell. A Puget Sound Odyssey. Daymond R. Maryland, Virginia, and Washington D. Warbird Survivors Towns and Temples Along the Mississippi. David H.

Inside Texas - Culture, Identity, and Houses

A Walk Across Texas. Jon McConal. Brooklyn By Name. Leonard Benardo. Turmoil In New Mexico, William A. Katy Beck. Gayle Baker. Ante-Bellum Alabama.

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Weymouth T. The Alamo Remembered. Timothy M. Oregon Warbird Survivors South Dakota Warbird Survivors Cursed in Virginia. Mark Nesbitt. It Happened in Mississippi. Marlo Carter Kirkpatrick. Let me tell you what I've learned. PJ Pierce. Patrick D. The Outlaws of Cave-in-Rock.

Otto A. Kentuckians Before Boone. Europeans, especially Germans and Czechs, converged in the east-central area of the state, joined by settlers from both the Lower and the Upper South. Germans settled the Hill Country near the center of the state. Tejanos occupied the area along the Rio Grande from western to southern Texas. In Texas had five major cities—Austin, Dallas, Galveston, Houston, and San Antonio—but most Texans lived in rural areas, earning a living in agriculture.

A large number of people also worked as domestic servants, laborers, storekeepers and merchants, traders and dealers, railroad workers, and carpenters. By the early decades of the twentieth century, much had changed. In the population was more than 3 million; by , more than 4 million. In Texas had been less than 10 percent urban; forty years later it was more than 30 percent urban.

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Occupational distribution was also shifting. While many working Texans were still engaged in agriculture in , others sought and found employment in the lumber and mineral industries. Along with the increase in population and changes in the economic base came improved transportation systems. By the railroads had laid 16, miles of track throughout the state and spurred the development of inland cities fig. On the coast, the natural ports, inadequate even in the days of light sailing craft and small steamers, were being improved.

By the early twentieth century, the ports of Freeport, Port Aransas, and Houston had been upgraded, and by the s the state was moving toward a deep-water port system.

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These statistics do not always conform to people's perceptions of Texas, however. For many people, Texas was exemplified then—and is now—by the dry, arid region of West Texas rather than the dense forests of East Texas, or conceived of as the extremes of desert and Dallas. Still others see only cowboys and ranchers, instead of farmers, sawmill operators, merchants, and railroad workers; and many think only of the large Tejano population, rather than the numerous Polish, Danish, and Germanic enclaves.

Decorative arts enthusiasts are just as prone to generalize. For some, both inside and outside the state, Texas furniture is too often equated with the masterful pieces of German cabinetmakers, rather than with the mantel clocks and rocking chairs from Sears, Roebuck. Some people consider briefly the anomaly of Galveston's exuberant late-nineteenth-century structures and then observe that many nineteenth-century Texans lived in dugouts or log cabins before moving into ranch houses filled with horn furniture.

These stereotypes are somehow more appealing than truthful—Texans lived in rooms resembling New Jersey parlors and Indiana kitchens. Between and , many changes affected the appearance of home interiors. Growing cities meant urban Texans were closer to large stores and outlets offering all types of consumer goods; new money from cattle and oil meant the power to purchase fashionable household furnishings; increasing population and greater wealth meant urban markets for design professionals; and vastly improved coastal and inland transportation networks blurred state and regional barriers.

Photographs taken between and show that far from being insular, most Texans were well linked to mass markets and stayed reasonably current with decorating ideas and styles. By the s, and probably earlier, like other Americans, they were part of an emerging consumer culture. By the last decades of the nineteenth century, Texans could buy a respectable array of fashionable goods that were beginning to be offered in general stores, furniture stores, china and jewelry stores, and department stores.

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Mail-order catalogues like those of Sears, Roebuck encouraged further variety of household goods in Texas homes and made possible a democracy of place. Choices for the Texas consumer had expanded greatly from the s when Stephen F.

Inside Texas - Culture, Identity, and Houses 1878-1920

Austin advised his family to abandon their furniture and piano in preparation for travel to Texas: "let our motto therefore be economy and plain living. Texas consumers were confidently shopping in a varied marketplace and selecting diverse styles ranging from renaissance revival to Louis XVI. Professional decorators were establishing offices and dispensing advice in urban centers. Some very prosperous Texans even went outside the state to enlist professional decorators. Within the state, a cadre of tastemakers began offering expertise through furniture or department stores in larger cities.

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There were also special decorating firms such as Doyle Decorating Studio in San Antonio, and individual craftsmen, such as Walther Tauscher of Dallas, who advertised their skills. In part to meet the growing sophistication and prosperity of some residents, increasing numbers of architects were also making their expertise available to the new Texas market.

In Texas had only eight architects.